Corrections? Lloyd, John; Mitchinson, John; Harkin, James (2013). Hårdstedt, Martin (2016). -- 1401-1800 -- manuscrits  The military operations in 1814 were to be Sweden's last war to this day.  With Antwerp bristling with cannon and numerous defenders, and with the Army of Antwerp whipped into fighting shape, the British, vexed by poor leadership and with half the army immobilized with fever thanks to the insalubrious islands upon which they were quartered, realized that it was no longer possible to close the Scheldt, or take Antwerp, and withdrew their forces. Bernadotte was also tasked with assuring France's newest ally, the Elector of Bavaria, Maximillian Joseph, that the Austrians would be driven from his country. " He also made himself well liked by Queen Charlotte, who regarded him a "gentleman in every sense of the word", and established a net of contact within the Swedish aristocracy, befriending in particular the Brahe family through his favorite Magnus Brahe and countess Aurora Wilhelmina Brahe, whose cousin Mariana Koskull became his lover. 311–12, Barton, Sir Dunbar Plunket (1930).  Bernadotte wrote to Napoleon that "I see my efforts perpetually paralyzed by a hidden force over which I can not prevail. The Crown Prince landed his troops at Stralsund, Ger., in May 1813 and soon took command of the allied army of the north.  His successful crossing of the Alps through the storm in midwinter was highly praised but coldly received by the Italian Army. , Bernadotte played key roles throughout the next 18 months during the three French invasions into Germany; often employed in the place of honor during offensives leading the vanguard, and in retreat as a defensive specialist commanding the rearguard. 12 juil. Pau, Aquitania, France: Death: August 08, 1813 (58-59) Pau, Aquitania, France Immediate Family: Son of Jean Henri Bernadotte and Jeanne de Saint-Vincent Husband of Marie Anne Charlotte Saint-Pau Brother of Clarie Bernadotte; Arnaud Bernadotte; Charles XIV & III John, king of Sweden and Norway and Marie Justis. Soigneusement préparée depuis deux ans, la campagne terrestre rencontre peu de résistance. Following the outbreak of the French Revolution, he exhibited great military talent, rapidly rising through the ranks, and was made a brigadier general by 1794.  When visiting Halle after the battle, and commenting on the degree of difficulty of storming a fortified position accessible only by a single bridge, Napoleon enigmatically commented "Bernadotte stops at nothing. If I fall, you will find yourself with 40,000 men at the gates of Paris. He was adopted by King Charles XIII under the name of "Charles John" (Karl Johan). Coronation of Charles XIV John as King of Sweden in Stockholm Cathedral, Coronation of Charles III John as King of Norway in Nidaros Cathedral, Trondheim. 4-6.  On the morning of 13 September he found his resignation announced in the Moniteur before he was aware that he had tendered it.  Another factor which favored Bernadotte's election was his (presumed) close ties to French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, who had recently defeated Sweden in the Franco-Swedish War. Napoleon and the Battle of Nations. pp.  In a proclamation issued to his troops at Antwerp he made an implied charge against Napoleon of having neglected to prepare the proper means of defense for the Belgian coast. Charles XIV John as Crown Prince of Sweden (François Gérard) ... was needed and a currier was speedily sent from Sweden to France with a Generals uniform and medals. Everywhere he instilled a fighting spirit, making an army out of a mob, and thus he rapidly brought the defenses of Antwerp to a high order of readiness. " Subsequently, Bernadotte pursued, conjointly with Soult and Murat (known as the "Pursuit of the Three Marshals"), Prussian general Blücher's Corps to Lübeck, where his troops stormed the Prussian defenses, taking the city and forcing Blücher's capitulation at Radkow (7 November 1806). He was also childless; Queen Charlotte had given birth to two children who had died in infancy, and there was no prospect of her bearing another child. Napoleon accepted after he had become aware of an order of the day issued by Bernadotte in which he gave the Saxons credit for their courage in terms inconsistent with the emperor's official bulletin. retours gratuits Tout le temps. Marshal Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte was a French commander during the French Revolutionary/Napoleonic Wars who later ruled Sweden as King Charles XIV John. Johann Heinrich Friedrich Berlien (1846). King of Sweden (1818-1844) as Karl XIV JohanKing of Norway (1818-1844) as Karl III Johan fullname Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte formerly Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte Born: January 26, 1763, Pau, FranceDied: March 8, 1844, Stockholm French by birth, Jhe served a long career in the French Army.  Many Swedes expected him to reconquer Finland, which had been ceded to Russia; however, the Crown Prince was aware of its difficulty for reasons of the desperate situation of the state finance and the reluctance of the Finnish people to return to Sweden. , However, the Norwegians were unwilling to accept Swedish control. While it is true that IX Corps broke on 6 July, as did other French formations, they later rallied and played a part in the victory. ", The foreign policy applied by Charles John in the post-Napoleonic era was characterized by the maintenance of balance between the Great Powers and non-involvement into conflicts that took place outside of the Scandinavian peninsula. 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