However, according to West, no "very convincing" foreign models have been found. , According to Hesiod, there were also three thousand Oceanids. In the Homeric poems he appears as a mighty god, who yields to none save Zeus. According to one version, he was born by the union of the primal gods Chaos and Gaea, sanctified by god Eros. It was on Leuke, in one version of his legend, that the hero Achilles, in a hilly tumulus, was buried (which is erroneously connected to the modern town of Kiliya, at the Danube delta). , Passages in a section of the Iliad called the Deception of Zeus, suggest the possibility that Homer knew a tradition in which Oceanus and Tethys (rather than Uranus and Gaia, as in Hesiod) were the primeval parents of the gods. Oceanus is depicted (labeled) as one of the gods fighting the Giants in the Gigantomachy frieze of the second century BC Pergamon Altar.  Hesiod also calls Oceanus "deep-swirling" (βαθυδίνης), while Homer calls him "deep-flowing" (βαθυρρόου). innumerable) river gods. By Zeus she was mother of Aphrodite, who was herself called Dione. Gantz, pp. Antonyms for Oceanus. Typhon). Oceanus follows a chariot driven by Athena and containing Artemis. In Greek mythology the River Oceanus was a great, fresh-water stream which encircled the flat disc of the earth. Synonyms for Oceanus in Free Thesaurus. 7, xxi.  The use by Pherecydes of Syros of the form "Ogenos" (Ὠγενός) for the name lends support for the name being a loanword. Thus, the sun rises from the deep-flowing Oceanus in the east and at the end of the day sinks back into the Oceanus in the west. n. Greek Mythology A Titan god of the outer sea encircling the earth and the father of the Oceanides and the river gods.  However elsewhere the distinction between fresh and salt water seems not to apply. , Just as Oceanus the god was the father of the river gods, Oceanus the river was said to be the source of all other rivers, and in fact all sources of water, both salt and fresh. Check out everything about this Ancient God below.  The similarity in the order of the wedding guests on these two vases, as well as on the fragments a second Sophilos vase (Athens Akr 587), suggests the possibility of a literary source.. xiv. Also, Oceanus was also against the decision to overthrow Uranus. Oceanus, in Greek Mythology is Son of Gaia and Uranus (Heaven). In Homers Iliad, Oceanus is referred to as ”the great Sea God who encircles the world”. He is closely followed by Tethys and Eileithyia, with Hephaestus following on his mule ending the procession. Oceanus was an ancient Greek god. The Titan Oceanus, father of the river gods and sea nymphs, was represented as a great stream of … The ship was designed by John W. Gilbert Associates of Boston and constructed by Peterson Builders of Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin. , According to M. L. West, the etymology of Oceanus is "obscure" and "cannot be explained from Greek". , Although sometimes treated as a person (such as Oceanus visiting Prometheus in Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound, see above) Oceanus is more usually considered to be a place, that is, as the great world-encircling river. , Oceanus seemingly also did not join the Titans in the Titanomachy, the great war between the Cronus and his fellow Titans, and Zeus and his fellow Olympians, for control of the cosmos; and following the war, although Cronus and the other Titans were imprisoned, Oceanus certainly seems to have remained free. believe that Oceanus originally represented all bodies of salt water, including the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, the two largest bodies known to the ancient Greeks. , According to Epimenides' Theogony, Oceanus was the father, by Gaia, of the Harpies. An account of this river belongs to mythical geography, and we shall here confine ourselves to describing the place which Oceanus holds in the ancient cosmogony. , According to Hesiod, there were three thousand (i.e. Fowler 2013, p. 11; West 1997, pp. Accion ("ocean"), in the fourth century AD Gaulish Latin of Avienus' Ora maritima, was applied to great lakes. 1 Attributes 1.1 God Power 1.2 Technologies 1.3 Myth Units 2 Strategy 3 Mythology Carnivora - Summons a Carnivora plant that eats nearby enemy human soldiers or sinks ships (3 uses). And, according to Proclus, Oceanus did not in fact take part in the attack. Oceanus' consort is his sister Tethys, and from their union came the ocean nymphs, also referred to as the three-thousand Oceanids, and all the rivers of the world, fountains, and lakes.  According to M. L. West, these lines suggests a myth in which Oceanus and Tethys are the "first parents of the whole race of gods.  But Prometheus mocks Oceanus, asking him: "How did you summon courage to quit the stream that bears your name and the rock-roofed caves you yourself have made" Oceanus advises Prometheus to humble himself before the new ruler Zeus, and so avoid making his situation any worse. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. What are synonyms for Oceanus? Some believe that Oceanus originally represented all bodies of salt water, including the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, the two largest bodies known to the ancient Greeks. Unfortunately, Oceanus did not grow up inside a big, happy family.  Twice Hesiod calls Oceanus "the perfect river" (τελήεντος ποταμοῖο), and Homer refers to the "stream of the river Oceanus" (ποταμοῖο λίπεν ῥόον Ὠκεανοῖο). In Greek mythology this world-ocean was personified as a Titan God, son of Uranus and Gaia. The Titanic Oceans of the World Oceanus synonyms, Oceanus pronunciation, Oceanus translation, English dictionary definition of Oceanus. Oceanus was married to his sister, Tethys, with whom he had numerous children, called Oceanids. In Greek mythology, Oceanus was the Titan son of Uranus and Gaia, the husband of his sister the Titan Tethys, and the father of the river gods and the Oceanids, as well as being the great river which encircled the entire world. Oceanus was also the god who regulated the rising and setting of the heavenly bodies which were belived to emerge and descend into his watery realm at the ends of the earth. Another version has it that he was one of the twelve Titans, thus a son of Gaea and Uranus. Online version at the Topos Text Project. The ancient Greeks believed Oceanus, one of the Titans, exercised control over the world’s first oceans and waterways. In Greek myth, Oceanus was one of the Titans. In Hellenistic and Roman mosaics, this Titan was often depicted as having the upper body of a muscular man with a long beard and horns (often represented as the claws of a crab) and the lower body of a serpent (cfr. The Oceanids were the 3,000 daughters of Oceanus, the Titan god of the earth encircling river, and his wife, the Titanide Tethys. , Sometime after the war, Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound, has Oceanus visit his nephew the enchained Prometheus, who is being punished by Zeus for his theft of fire.  However according to the mythographer Apollodorus, all the Titans—except Oceanus—attacked Uranus.  But, in a later Iliad passage, Hypnos also describes Oceanus as "genesis for all", which, according to Gantz, is hard to understand as meaning other than that, for Homer, Oceanus was the father of the Titans. Herodotus was skeptical about the physical existence of Oceanus and rejected the reasoning—proposed by some of his coevals—according to which the uncommon phenomenon of the summerly Nile flood was caused by the river's connection to the mighty Oceanus.  Being the source of rivers and springs would seem logically to require that Oceanus was himself a freshwater river, and so different from the salt sea, and in fact Hesiod seems to distinguish between Oceanus and Pontus, the personification of the sea. In Greek mythology, the Oceanids or Oceanides (/ oʊˈsiːənɪdz, ˈoʊʃənɪdz /; Ancient Greek: Ὠκεανίδες, Ōkeanides, pl. This is the god of the backward-flowing river Ocean, which bounds the earth and from which all rivers flow and every sea, and all the springs and wells. Oceanus was the perfect river and the ruler of the waters and the seas. The ancient Greeks viewed Oceanus as a kind and benevolent deity, and he was generally represented as an older male with a flowing beard that symbolized his fatherly authority.  Oceanus arrives riding a winged steed, saying that he is sympathetic to Prometheus' plight and wishes to help him if he can. The couple was not involved in the Titanomachy against Zeus, so the latter let them continue their reign in their watery kingdom. ", According to Pherecydes, while Heracles was travelling in Helios's golden cup, on his way to Erytheia to fetch the cattle of Geryon, Oceanus challenged Heracles by sending high waves rocking the cup, but Heracles threatened to shoot Oceanus with his bow, and Oceanus in fear stopped. , When Cronus, the youngest of the Titans, overthrew his father Uranus, thereby becoming the ruler of the cosmos, according to Hesiod, none of the other Titans participated in the attack on Uranus. According to one version, he was born by the union of the primal gods Chaos and Gaea, sanctified by god Eros. 12, 28; West 1983, p. 130; Orphic fr. In Greek mythology, Oceanus (/oʊˈsiː.ə.nəs/; Greek: Ὠκεανός, also Ὠγενός, Ὤγενος, or Ὠγήν) was the Titan son of Uranus and Gaia, the husband of his sister the Titan Tethys, and the father of the river gods and the Oceanids, as well as being the great river which encircled the entire world. Greek text available at Perseus Digital Library, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Livio Catullo Stecchini, "Ancient Cosmology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oceanus&oldid=995794154, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having different image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Williams, Dyfri, "Sophilos in the British Museum" in, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 22:47. He was one of the eldest Titans along with Tethys, Kronos, Rhea, Theia, Hyperion, Themis, Krios, Mnemosyne, Koios, Phoibe, and Iapetos.  And for both Hesiod and Homer, Oceanus seems to have marked a boundary beyond which the cosmos became more fantastical. In order to reach the Underworldit is necessary to cross this river: He was later considered as a simple sea god or the personification of the sea. Oceanus is represented, identified by inscription, as part of an illustration of the wedding of Peleus and Thetis on the early sixth century BC Attic black-figure "Erskine" dinos by Sophilos (British Museum 1971.111–1.1). , Oceanus appears in Hellenic cosmography as well as myth. Its name is drawn from Greek mythology. In Greek mythology, this ocean-stream was personified as a Titan, the eldest son of Uranus and Gaia.  Oceanus was also said to be the father, by Gaia, of Triptolemus. Another version has it that he was one of the twelve Titans, thus a son of Gaea and Uranus.  A Semitic derivation has been suggested by several scholars, while R. S. P. Beekes has suggested a loanword from the Aegean Pre-Greek non-Indo-European substrate. , This article is about the personification of the world-ocean in Greek myth. Saved by eva oceguera. He was born out Gaea, the Mother Earth, and Uranus, the Ruler of the heaven, when Uranus watered Gaea with divine rain. The Titan god Oceanus Oceanus came from the generation preceding that of Zeus, for Oceanus was a Titan god, the son of Ouranos (Sky) and Gaia (Earth). His only appearance of note in the Greek Myths is when he stirs up the ocean to test the hero Herculeson his wa… Apollonius of Rhodes, similarly, calls the lower Danube the Kéras Okeanoío ("Gulf" or "Horn of Oceanus").  Proclus, in his commentary on Plato's Timaeus, quotes several lines of a poem (probably Orphic) which has an angry Oceanus brooding aloud as to whether he should join Cronus and the other Titans in the attack on Uranus. Oceanus god of all the earth's fresh-water: including rivers, wells, springs and rain-clouds.  Oceanus married his sister Tethys, and was by her the father of numerous sons, the river gods and numerous daughters, the Oceanids.  In his Cratylus, Plato quotes Orpheus as saying that Oceanus and Tethys were "the first to marry", possibly also reflecting an Orphic theogony in which Oceanus and Tethys, rather than Uranus and Gaia, were the primeval parents.  Oceanus appears near the end of a long procession of gods and goddesses arriving at the palace of Peleus for the wedding.  Hesiod lists his Titan siblings as Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Tethys, and Cronus. While Poseidon was the god who was able to control the sea, Oceanus was actually looked at as the deity that physically represented the sea.  As in Sophilos' dinos, Oceanus appears at the end of the long procession, following after the last chariot, with Hephaestus on his mule bringing up the rear. Family of Oceanus . Oceanus was an ancient Greek god. 1 word related to Oceanus: Greek mythology. They went on to bear many more Titan gods and goddesses, including Tethys who would later become the wife of Oceanus. 15. Gantz, pp. Oceanus was the eldest of the Titan offspring of Uranus (Sky) and Gaia (Earth). In Greek mythology, the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, or, according to another account, of UrInus and Gaia. Oceanus is one of the figures of Greek mythology that are associated with the sea and the ocean. For example, in Hesiod Nereus and Thaumus, both sons of Pontus, marry daughters of Oceanus, and in Homer (who makes no mention of Pontus), Thetis, the daughter of Nereus, and Eurynome the daughter of Oceanus, live together.  While Homer located such exotic tribes as the Cimmerians, the Aethiopians, and the Pygmies as living nearby Oceanus.  According to Homer, from Oceanus "all rivers flow and every sea, and all the springs and deep wells". Oceanus was the of Ὠκεανίς, Ōkeanis) are the nymphs who were the three thousand (a number interpreted as meaning "innumerable") daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys. There is a key difference between Poseidon and Oceanus. He is available to worshipers of Gaia and Oranos. The name “Oceanus” was identical to the Greek word ōkeanos, meaning “great sea or river,” which referred to the body of water that encompassed the world. Strictly speaking, Oceanus was the ocean-stream at the Equator in which floated the habitable hemisphere (oikoumene οἰκουμένη). Oceanus was an ancient Greek god. Oceanus is an Atlantean Classical Age minor god in Age of Mythology. , In Homer, Helios the sun, rises from Oceanus in the east, and at the end of the day sinks back into Oceanus in the west, and the stars bathe in the "stream of Ocean". Oceanus was the eldest of all Titans. According to one version, he was born by the union of the primal gods Chaos and Gaea, sanctified by god Eros.  Twice Homer has Hera describe the pair as "Oceanus, from whom the gods are sprung, and mother Tethys". Not much is known about his role in the Great War. Although little remains of Oceanus, he was apparently shown here with a bull's head. Oceanus Greek myth a titan that personified the oceans. , Late attestations for an equation with the Black Sea abound, the cause being – as it appears – Odysseus' travel to the Cimmerians whose fatherland, lying beyond the Oceanus, is described as a country divested from sunlight. Cartographers continued to represent the encircling equatorial stream much as it had appeared on Achilles' shield.. Many early works of art depict him as somewhat resembling a … OCE′ANUS (Ôkeanos), the god of the river Oceanus, by which, according to the most ancient notions of the Greeks, the whole earth was surrounded. Online version at Harvard University Press, Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Oceanus, in Greek mythology, the river that flowed around the Earth (conceived as flat), for example, in the shield of Achilles described in Homer’s Iliad, Book XVIII.  In any case, Oceanus can also to be identified with the sea.. Oceanus also appears, as part of a very similar procession of Peleus and Thetis' wedding guests, on another early sixth century BC Attic black-figure pot, the François Vase (Florence 4209). Oceanus (Ωκεανός) or Okeanos was believed to be the world-ocean, or river encircling the world in Greek mythology.He was the Titan God of the Seas, rivers and water, and a child of Oranos and Gaia.. His sister was Tethys, and together they created the Potamoi and Oceanids, gods of rivers, streams and springs.. 135 Kern. Oceanus was transferred to OSU from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in March 2012 to replace its sister ship, R/V Wecoma. (Yes, that's right; she married her brother.) In fact, the English word, Ocean, is derived from … It is said that he did not participate in the war and left his Titan brothers.  In Hesiod, Oceanus sends his daughter Styx, with her children Zelus (Envy), Nike (Victory), Cratos (Power), and Bia (Force), to fight on Zeus' side against the Titans, And in the Iliad, Hera says that during the war she was sent to Oceanus and Tethys for safekeeping. In other tales, Oceanus was portrayed as the 'origin of everything.'  The Theogony has such fabulous creatures as the Hesperides, with their golden apples, the three-headed giant Geryon, and the snake-haired Gorgons, all residing "beyond glorious Ocean". This parentage made the Oceanids sisters to the 3,000 Potamoi, the river gods of Greek mythology. , According to Epimenides, the first two beings, Night and Aer, produced Tartarus, who in turn produced two Titans (possibly Oceanus and Tethys) from whom came the world egg. Godchecker guide to Oceanus (also known as Okeanos), the Greek God from Greek mythology. , Some scholars[who?] Dec 1, 2016 - Oceanus Greek myth a titan that personified the oceans .. Mythology. In classical antiquity, Oceanus (from Greek: Ὠκεανός, lit. , Plato, in his Timaeus, provides a genealogy (probably Orphic) which perhaps reflected an attempt to reconcile this apparent divergence between Homer and Hesiod, in which Uranus and Gaia are the parents of Oceanus and Tethys, and Oceanus and Tethys are the parents of Cronus and Rhea and the other Titans, as well as Phorcys. According to one version, he was born by the union of the primal gods Chaos and Gaea, sanctified by god Eros. In Greek mythology, this world-ocean was personified as a Titan, the eldest son of Uranus and Gaea.  These included: Achelous, the god of the Achelous River, the largest river in Greece, who gave his daughter in marriage to Alcmaeon and was defeated by Heracles in a wrestling contest for the right to marry Deianira; Alpheus, who fell in love with the nymph Arethusa and pursued her to Syracuse where she was transformed into a spring by Artemis; and Scamander who fought on the side of the Trojans during the Trojan War and got offended when Achilles polluted his waters with a large number of Trojan corpses, overflowed his banks nearly drowning Achilles.  Homer says that Oceanus "bounds the Earth", and Oceanus was depicted on the shield of Achilles, encircling its rim, and so also on the shield of Heracles. Oceanus, one of the TITANS, is sometimes considered to be at the origin of all things. Oceanus has bull horns, holds a snake in his left hand and a fish in his right, and has the body of a fish from the waist down. For other uses, see, "Okeanos" redirects here. He is the Titan of the sea and all water boundaries. 195.) He is one of the 12 Titans of the First Generation and is known to be the ancient Poseidon!  In the fourth century BC, Hecataeus of Abdera writes that the Oceanus of the Hyperboreans is neither the Arctic nor Western Ocean, but the sea located to the north of the ancient Greek world, namely the Black Sea, called "the most admirable of all seas" by Herodotus, labelled the "immense sea" by Pomponius Mela and by Dionysius Periegetes, and which is named Mare majus on medieval geographic maps. " However, as Timothy Gantz points out, "mother" could simply refer to the fact that Tethys was Hera's foster mother for a time, as Hera tells us in the lines immediately following, while the reference to Oceanus as the genesis of the gods "might be simply a formulaic epithet indicating the numberless rivers and springs descended from Okeanos" (compare with Iliad 21.195–197). But Prometheus replies: "I envy you because you have escaped blame for having dared to share with me in my troubles. Long before the Olympian gods ruled ancient Greece the creation of the universe took place. Oceanus was married to his sister, Tethys, with whom he had numerous children, called Oceanids. It might seem strange for the children of Oceanus to be associated with fresh-water, but in Greek mythology, it was assumed that Oceanus was the god of a great earth encircling fresh water river. 245, xx. 117–118; Fowler 2013. (Il. The ancient Greeks recounted many legends about the earliest rulers of the Earth, a number of gigantic proto-gods called “Titans”. Oceanus The TItan God Of The Ocean - (Greek Mythology Explained) - YouTube. However according to West, no `` very convincing '' foreign models have been found there were three thousand.!, Tethys, with Hephaestus following on his mule ending the procession R/V Wecoma Aphrodite. 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